6 Misconceptions about sociopaths

6 misconceptions about sociopaths

What do we know about sociopaths? Cruel, shameless, false, irresponsible types. To a certain extent, this is so, but, according to psychologists, the problem is too demonized, as a result of which most developed a rather awesome image of a socially dangerous personality. In fact, not all of our ideas correspond to reality.

That the first comes to mind when mentioning sociopaths? They are finished merrysers? Most likely, such an impression was postponed in memory after reading the novel about the maniac, creepy, abounding in bloody details, but before exciting that it is impossible to break away.

Or another option: "In fact, these are the same psychopaths, madmen, like a serial killer, chikatilo or the infamous dictators of Adolf Hitler and Mao Zedong".

Perhaps these statements will agree not all. And yet it is quite typical connotations. So – villains and scoundrels?

The term "sociopath" today became incredibly fashionable. It is used by all who are not too lazy, for example, describing the malicious chief or former spouse. Although everything is natural: the media so often filed a distorted information about sociopathic inclinations that a portrait of a certain monster has developed in society.

Let’s try to figure out which labels are putting modern culture on such people.

Among the many erroneous opinions are most embarrassed by the peculiar "glamurization" of the image. A considerable role in this was played by popular films and television series like "American Psychopaths" and "Sherlock". Their heroes are cold-blooded types, neglecting moral principles, while rich, influential and extremely smart.

The combination of problem antsocial behavior with wealth, glory and power forms a rather attractive type. Accordingly, the so-called "elite psychopath" destroys a realistic idea of ‚Äč‚Äčthose who suffer from a dissociative personality disorder (DRL).

There is a false feeling that people with similar deviations possess not only a solid state, but also an outstanding intelligence. Undoubtedly, it only enhances negative connotations and misconceptions, which will be discussed.

1.Sociopathy is incurable

Many people think that sociopathic inclinations and any forms of DRL are not treatable. It’s not quite so. Experts argue that with the help of correctly selected drugs and psychotherapy, impulsive aggression can be reduced.

2.Sociopaths are mentally sick

This is not a mental illness and not the same thing that psychosis. This condition is not accompanied by symptoms characteristic of psychotic, hallucinations or delusional ideas. The main signs of sociopathy are the lack of empathy and disregard for social norms and rules.

3.They come across every corner

In journal articles and statistical calculations often exaggerate the number of sociopaths. In fact, strict criteria correspond to no more than 4% of people on the planet. It’s not so little, but, in any case, much less than is considered to be.

4.They are so cruel that relationships are impossible with them

6 Misconceptions about sociopaths

Sociopaths are really inherent uncontrollable aggression and a tendency to violence, so they are so afraid. Nevertheless, studies show that it is not always so. Of course, Sociopathy creates a potential risk of bullying and violence, but people with such a personality disorder are usually not cruel.

5.Them more among men

When mentioning sociopatha, imagination usually draws a male portrait. Contrary to the problem that such a model of behavior is more often characteristic of men than women, it is not true. The floor does not affect the likelihood of this disorder and does not matter when diagnosing.

6.All successful and empowered people sociopaths

The fact that successful politicians, businessmen and director of companies are allegedly endowed with the qualities of sociopaths, myth. Undoubtedly, among them there are such personals, but, according to statistics, explicit signs are noted only in 1 of 25. Attitude to sociopathy can not be positive or negative. This is a psychological problem requiring professional intervention. Moreover, society should not diagnose. Confirmation of this – the "Big Five" phenomenon.

"Big Five"

The theory describing the personality with the help of five qualities is also known as the "five-factor identity model". These qualities include openness experience, consciousness, extroversion, goodwill, neuroticism (English abbreviation Ocean: Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, NeuroTicism).

The basis of this theory is the assertion that all five factors expressed in one degree or another are combined in each person. Thus, the sociopathy will miss consciousness (reliability and discipline) and benevolence (restraint and kindness).

6 Misconceptions about sociopaths

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