Civilizational models of human survival in the context of changing culture code
The crisis of modern civilization (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) attached great sharpness to the confrontation between the two main types of civilizational development of traditional and technogenic. Symptomatic that already in 1993 the American political scientist with.Huntington published a job predicting the future of the world as a clash of civilizations, noting that Russia is doomed to live in the fault of civilizations. Back in 1972, American theorists Forrester and Medez published their work "Growth limits", which shows that the exponential development of technogenic civilization is limited by the resource capabilities of our planet. By the end of the seventies, as part of the Roman Club, the possibility is increasingly discussed "Refill the idea of progress" (for example, g.ODUM and E.ODUM, 1978) and the transition to local models of economic and social development.
When an occurrence of a crisis situation, an interest in possible ways and mechanisms for achieving stability and sustainability accumulated, in particular, in the so-called traditional civilizations. By the decision of this task (development of a constructive development strategy), the formation of a new worldview and integral ideas about the modern picture of the world. Many intellectuals connect the exit from the global crisis with the transition to a new type of social development "Society of postmarialist values", essentially freed from the dictatorship of the economy and policies based on the priority of moral principles and ethical attitudes determined not by the past, but the present and future (in.WITH. Stepin, B.AND. Tolstoy, 1996). It is essentially about changing the culture code, civilization paradigm of the development of the world community. The solution of this task is possible when applying to the postmodern methodology, based on the abandonment of the dominance of the classical paradigm of the linear and unidirectional development of the society and the corresponding to this paradigm of the value hierarchy of the stairs of cultures dividing them to modern (advanced) and incompetent (backward). The history of society should be considered as a polyvariant process covering the fan of equal civilization rays, which includes all types of cultural and historical development, and not only one, now leading his form. The novelty of this approach allows to legitimize the concept of the real variety of cultural and civilizational world, as a strategy for the survival of mankind and as a powerful factor for adapting to radically changing living conditions.
Proponents of the postmodern methodology (to.Koyama and others.) propose to evaluate the history of the Company not by the criterion "Universal special", And according to the criterion "It is part of it", In this case, the whole is considered as a single family of humanity, some "Global scene", on which history unfolds although in the general direction, but in different ways in time and space trajectories.
The nonlinear concept of the historical process leads to the revaluation of the idea of unlimited progress and the very criterion of progress, whose options may not only be the degree of human domination over nature, but also the degree of harmony with it. In this regard, not only the experience of the West or the experience of the USSR and Eastern European countries in the 50s, but also the experience of those countries of the East and South, the culture and rhythm of which is conjugate with long-term social and political stability. Today, in a society in need of new concept keys, they acquire a new meaning of the idea of our spaceship (in.AND. Vernadsky and others.), organically connected man and space. The ideas of our cosmists in many important parameters correlate with the ideas of the eastern traditional cultures (the principle of Wai), emphasizing the non-violent nature of human relations to nature. The transition to a methodology based on pluralism of different cultures and sociocultural types of development today in society in need of new conceptual keys, acquires a new sound and priority importance. At the same time, the development of anti-crisis programs, strategies for survival in rapidly changing conditions of life gives a key role to understanding differences in cultural code in relation to the family, the interflore relations, the content and social status of childhood and old age. The orientation of the global community for sustainable development exacerbates the need to actualize the human potential contained in the life experience of the older generation. Comparative study of the types of families characteristic of them types of inter-floor relations in man-made and traditional civilizations, it allows, in our opinion, to identify regulators and value orientations of these civilizations as in relation to the social aspects of human activity, values and ideals, ideologies, ideas about the healthy lifestyle, So in relation to nature, to understand the socio-psychological mechanisms and resources of survival based on existing in different societies "Images" Peace (G. Gachev), their typology in three main types: Eastern, Western and Eurasian sample. The images of the world arise from the historical fate of each ethnonational integrity, they absorb and reflect the unity of the local nature and the method of its economic and cultural development, T.E. Lifestyle, national character, spirituality.
The successful experience of the post-war modernization of Japan testifies to the possibilities of using traditional images of the world in the process of innovative transformation of society. The Japanese image of the world itself, in turn, is based on a very high degree of cohesion of inter-flow relationships. Technogenic civilization created a great science and technique, but opposed a person to nature, which led to the emergence of a deep socio-ecological crisis that set the question of the survival of all mankind. The image of the world underlying the Western attitude towards nature, as a warehouse of finished resources, has formed a person of an active and enterprising, aimed at maximum profit and a permanent increase in needs. As a result, the European-American civilization was characterized by tensions of inter-flow relationships in society and family. This is manifested in distribution in Western societies of new contradictions between generations (increasing and other.) and even new countercultures (m. Coller) containing gerotophobic installations connected to the unjustified opposition of older young. The history of the our multinational ethnos, more than millennium living in an extensive territory with a harsh continental climate on the fault of the West civilizations and the East, has formed a our-Eurasian social image of the world and the corresponding types of family, lifestyle, inter-flow relationships. Survival of the family and society demanded education in each person of the Cathedral and collectivist mentality, installations for mutual assistance and sympathy, compassion for weak and outsiders, which determined the survival and, in a certain sense, the passionarity of the our Eurasian civilization. The our-Eurasian experience is so long-term preserving the type of relationships inherent in it between people and the attitude towards nature can serve as a model of human survival strategy in the XXI century.
As you know, the spiritual experience of people is embodied in their language. The history of any people is not only manifested in his language, but also determined by it. ours in favor of collective responsibility, the ability to focus their spiritual and physical forces with a frank threat to the unity of the state forms addiction to "Chorah" participation in life. As emphasizes I.Cavelin (1992), this participation is spontaneous, natural. This is not so much a conscious submission and respect for the law and order, how much is the genetically defined desire for unity, which has been listed in the National Tradition. The uniqueness of our collectivist experience is reflected in the fact that in our there are only 2000 words to express individual traits of personality, in German, they are already 4,000, and in English 17,000 (g.Kulchitsky, 1990). Similar spiritual experience is very interesting for understanding our mentality and psychology. According to the SPIR-Wharf hypothesis, the structure of the language determines the method of thinking and the way of knowledge of the outside world.
The new state of our society paradoxically activates new mechanisms and allows you to see archaic ancient layers of our mentality, containing our survival experience in crisis situations. Other determinants come to the foremannants, other integrity, uniting people based on the general value system, to which L.N. Tolstoy attribution, solidarity, mercy for weak. In the individual consciousness value, it becomes not just declared, but for what people are ready to sacrifice life and sacrificed past generations, or what helps them live. In the conditions when simultaneously refers to the crisis and revival of Russia, many researchers have the idea that the crisis can be overcome on the basis of the centuries of the creased self-consciousness inherited by the historical memory of generations.
This is caused by the interest in the unique Eurasian experience of residence of many peoples of different races and denominations, which urgently mastered the system of hostel, based on super-ethnic and interfaith universal universals, proven in the joint development of difficult spaces in various types of economic activities and defense of the Single Fatherland. These deep seams of the our mentality distinguishes religious and ethnic tolerance, the ability to actualize in the minds of ideas related to joint creative activities, and make it possible for braces, in the shadow, ethnic and confessional specificity. The same is due to the same "Choral principle" Life of the our man, by definition with.L.Frank, aware of themselves as a leaf on a tree, albeit separate from other leaves, but feed from the common branches and trunk. That’s why "We" In our consciousness means not a voice of blood, and all those who live here.
When choosing ways out of the crisis, data on the coevolution of natural and sociocultural traditions of various populations, about the diversity of value systems and ideals belonging to the natural basics of human life, his family, inter-flow relationships, ideas about the healthy lifestyle,. New ideas and values appearing in the transitional era, originally small and weak, sometimes become "centers of attraction" public attention and crystallizers of new social orientations.
To their number, it should be attributed to the almost non-reflective theme about the effect of the differences in the value system in different civilizations on the biological status (health) of local populations. Famous Polish anthropologist.Vyransky, who organized under the auspices of the UN in connection with the year of the family in 1994, international studies of family changes in the modern world, focuses on the transition to deeper theoretical models of family, health, life expectancy, which is not only rational, but also the extrarational forms of knowledge of existing archetypes and Myths. Considering the religion as an ideology that defines a globility, it compares the influence of Protestant and Catholic religions on health, child mortality and life expectancy. He reveals noticeable differences in economic and demographic indicators in the Catholic and Protestant European countries in favor of the latter.
Improving public health can be achieved not only by stabilization of the economic situation in the country and the availability of modern science achievements. A significant role can be played by the activation of the entire viable in national traditions, the accounting of the mentality of various ethnocultural groups, their values and ideals belonging to the natural basics of human existence. Therefore, the right one "diagnosis" Systems of values prevailing in different regions of the country, as well as the orientation for the preservation of the deep spiritual foundations of the continuity of generations in different layers and groups of the population, becomes a condition not only to avoid the demographic catastrophe in Russia, but also to develop a submission of its desired future. The disintegration of social systems, the spontaneity of economic mechanisms of today’s life of ours leaves them as an almost only support and hope for the survival of his psychology, or rather the our mentality.
The development of new research strategies and anti-crisis programs is carried out under the conditions of the rapidly emerging philosophy of the nonequilibrium world. As E.Laslo, now mankind enters "Bifurcation age". We are talking about a new paradigm of comprehension of a changing world. The use of systemic methodology in the direction of post-symbolic systems of self-organization, the nonlinearity of the development of socio-separated systems within the framework of universal evolutionism allows you to establish that during periods of unstable equilibrium, even very small impacts at the time of the development (bifurcation) can be directed by the development of a self-organizing system for an unexpected way. Developing instability ideas, with.NS.Kurdyumov (1991) emphasizes the moment of strict quantitative determination of possible ways of development defined by their own environmental functions. This actualizes the need to knowledge of potential environmental capabilities and ways to stimulate it. Knowledge of self-organization mechanisms allows "Push the environment" in the right places and thereby direct its development in the desired direction.
The management strategy of society processes should be flexible, focus on searching for adjustments, having the purpose of not missing the alternatives pop-ups from potential structures that will return the system of equilibrium. These include the cultural and civilization diversity of the value system. The conceptual field at which humanity will have a difficult work of finding new life landmarks, designed to provide a number of catastrophic global crises and entry into a new round of civilization development, contains both some promising ideas and germs of the new picture of world.
As part of the synergistic approach, it is found that the power pressure on the self-developing system leads to the fact that it is knocked down to previous structures potentially contained in it. New structures may arise as a result of a small energy impact ("injection") On Wednesday in the right space-time locus. The statistical nature of self-organizing systems is based on "constellation opportunities" (WITH.NS.Kurdyumov), puts a person before choosing, the results of which are irreversible and at the same time can not be definitely calculated. This caused inevitable restrictions on the activity and the choice of only such development scenarios in which survival strategy is provided. Synergetic philosophy, t.E. The unstable world is a new stage in understanding the essence of development at all and rebuilds our globility, the perception of space and time, our attitude to life.
This, in our opinion, the main conceptual field on which humanity will have the difficult work of the search for scientifically based and socially acceptable for all lines of human existence and civilization development of the response to the global problems of the end of the XX and early XXI centuries. In reports and speeches academician b.G. Ananyeva contained a valid idea of the need to develop a new society about society. Today, the time to rethink the history of human society has come.