Means of forming the preparedness of parents to enter the child to school
Theoretical analysis of the literature showed the need for psychological assistance to parents during the preparation of the child to school. We have allocated the structure of the personal readiness of the parents to enter the child to school in which the emotional component occupies the central place. It includes empathy, understood as the ability to emotional comprehension of another person and empathizing him, emotional support, emotional flexibility considered as the optimal combination of emotional stability and emotional expressiveness.
Parents with a high level of development of the emotional component are characterized by a highly developed ability to empathy, the ability to understand the other, empathize to him, give emotionally significant feedback, highly developed ability to control their own negative emotions in a difficult situation. Parents are able to express sympathy, love and warm attitude, their actions and emotional attitudes are aimed at promoting the physical and spiritual growth of children, they experience satisfaction and pride from the success of children. They show unconditional love for the child.
The formation of listed qualities helps the tasks for the development of a sensitive attitude towards children, one of which is the task "Disobedience". In it, parents are invited to draw up a list of possible causes of children’s "disobedience", And then develop ways to eliminate these reasons, ways to prevent their appearance. Classes conducted jointly with parents and preschoolers are aimed at developing their attention to each other, an expression of empathy. Understanding the feelings of another implies the ability to put yourself in his place and analyze the situation. For practical development of ways to develop emotional aspirations in classes with parents of senior preschoolers, cards with images of various emotional states are needed. Instructions: "Determine which emotional state is depicted", "Menate any emotional state, answer the questions asked by the participants from this state".
The following tasks are focused on the emotional convergence of family members. Exercising "Lunohod", Forming confidence and responsibility, children and parents receive instructions: "Divide on the pair: parent-child. One of you "Lunohod", another – "Operator". Obstacles are placed around the room. "Lunohodau" You must pass the way from one end of the room to another with closed eyes. "Operators" Managing the transition using commands "Left", "Right" and T.D. Then swap roles". During the discussion, emphasize the answers to the questions: what they felt during the discussion? What role was easier to be?
The formation of the ability to act together, an emotional approach contributes to the task "Common Figure", which has two stages. At the first stage, each pair parent-child needs to draw a joint drawing on one sheet and come up with a name. Questions for discussion: what part of the picture by whom? Who invented the plot, name? Like whether to draw together? In the second stage, on the half a leaf, keeping over one pencil, the parent and child draw a joint painting. Questions for discussion: Did you like to draw? Whether you want to pour so at home with someone else? You can use the exercise "Riddles", directed not only to emotional convergence, it and the development of creative abilities and spontaneity. Each couple makes a fairy tale and shows the excerpt from it the rest. Task – guess a fairy tale. And in the task "Dreamland" All participants draw on one sheet of paper. Fairy tales. Questions for discussion: Did you like the task? How in a fabulous country all the characters get along?
To perform the following task, special equipment is needed: paper, paints, plasticine, natural material (acorns, bumps, branches and t.D.). Pre-as a homework parents get instructions to write together with the child’s history of your family. Let the child ask relatives about the place and date of their birth, memories, hobbies and t. D. And in a practical lesson, before proceeding with the story, parents and the child need to be cooked "Visual addition": draw or do something that would help you describe the family. Questions for discussion: What did you feel when they constituted the story, represented your family when they listened to the stories of others?
Thus, joint classes of parents and preschoolers are intended to have an emotional convergence of family members and are one of the means of forming the emotional component of the personal readiness of the parents to enter the child to school.